Copper and the human body

El cuerpo humano
  • Copper is an essential trace element for living organisms.
  • The body of an adult contains between 50 and 120 mg of copper.
  • The human body has a homeostatic system that regulates the level of copper.
  • The human body absorbs copper when missing and removes any excess.
  • There are two serious congenital diseases associated with copper: Wilson’s disease and Menkes diesease.
  • Wilson's disease is due to accumulation of copper in the liver and brain.
  • Menkes disease is due to the lack of copper absorption in the intestinal tract.
  • The metabolism of an adult requires between 0.9 and 1.5 mg of copper daily.
  • Cereals, nuts, legumes, fruit, liver, seafood ... and chocolate are copper.
  • Copper has a biochemical activity associated with cuproproteins.
  • Some cuproproteins are enzymes.
  • Ceruloplasmin is the main cuproprotein and is an enzyme.
  • It carries copper in the blood plasma of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians.
  • Copper is a catalyst for the formation of hemoglobin in humans.
  • Plastocyanin is a cuproprotein that catalyses plant photosynthesis.
  • Haemocyanin is a cuproprotein that carries oxygen in the bluish blood of spiders, lobster, snails, squid, etc.
  • There is no known specific occupational disease in the copper industry.
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